Vetch,  Spring; Vicia sativa

Early Bloomer. 1 to 3 red-purple sweet pea-like flowers cluster near base of stalk.  Sprawling vine, invasive alien, cattle fodder, cover crop.

Notes:  Pea family.  Vetch is an alien, brought in for cattle forage.  It can become very invasive, smothering plants in its path.   The names Spring Vetch and Winter Vetch are misleading, as both grow about the same time on our trail.  The Spring species is easily discerned as it is pinkish-purple and looks much like a ‘sweet-pea,’ while the Winter Vetch is a deep purple color and hangs  from stems in long clusters of much smaller blossoms.

Click on species name below to go to USDA for this species.

Kingdom Plantae -- Plants
    Subkingdom Tracheobionta -- Vascular plants
        Superdivision Spermatophyta -- Seed plants
            Division Magnoliophyta -- Flowering plants
                Class Magnoliopsida -- Dicotyledons
                    Subclass Rosidae
                        Order Fabales
                            Family Fabaceae -- Pea family
                                Genus Vicia L. -- vetch
                                    Species Vicia sativa L. -- garden vetch

Contains 5 Subspecies and 2 accepted taxa overall

Vetch,  Spring (Vicia sativa)

Vetch,  Spring (Vicia sativa)